Lectures 2005
2/20/2020
Skip Navigation Links : Lectures 2005 : [Not yet translated] : "The influence of the renaissance architecture, during the Venetian conquest, and this of the muslim architecture, during the Ottoman Empire on the traditional buildings of Rethymno." Moatsou Olga

"The influence of the renaissance architecture, during the Venetian conquest, and this of the muslim architecture, during the Ottoman Empire on the traditional buildings of Rethymno." Moatsou Olga

This essay is the result of personal research concerning the city of Rethymno in Crete.

The subject is the influence of the renaissance architecture, during the Venetian conquest (1204-1669), and this of the muslim architecture, during the Ottoman Empire (1669-1898)  on the traditional buildings of Rethymno.

Therefore the morphological details and constructional solutions that these foreign civilisations introduced are presented, so as to be interpreted according to the political, economical circumstances and the availability of materials. However, many traditional elements were preferred by the conquerors, for a number of reasons which are juxtaposed.

Furthermore, quite interesting is the vocabulary that was compiled, including mainly structural terms that derive from the italian, latin language or the venetian and ottoman dialect.Conclusively, after almost half a millenium of foreign conquest, Rethymno managed to obtain a very particular physiognomy, one that could hardly be categorized as sheer renaissance or muslim. The structural methods and the decoration of the buildings help to form the city’s personality as very different from this of other areas at once also occupied by the Venetian or the Ottoman dominions