Lectures 2005
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"Roaming in the architecture of European railway stations" Tzouliana - Dimitra Niagou

Travel - destination. Movement - station. Significances twin between them, that the one cannot exist; it does not have a meaning without the other. Essential elements of each travel are also the stations that we make during it; that especially in the train travel were incorporated as significances with the creation of new type of building, the railway station.

In the analysis of this lecture we will attempt to approach and to sketch out the character of this new building, from the moment that it was built for first time up to our days, and we will forecast, in some way, its future development and the tendencies that emerge in this. We will deal with the European railway stations, excluding deliberately the Hellenic ones, mainly because the development of the building-station is much more obvious through European examples.

Commercial shops, restaurants, cinemas, banking services and offices of administration, small squares, gardens and rooms of museums, are some of the main elements that compose a station today. The building-station is a complex space in continuous mutation; it is one urban, public space whose architectural character is not absolutely defined, even today. In this lecture we analyse the evolution of the buildings of railway stations through time, as well as their relation with the urban web in different chronological periods and in relation to the various architectural movements. There is also analysed a number of examples of big cities’ modern stations and of transit centres (transit stations); for the better comprehension of nowadays’ tendencies in the sector of railway constructions.