Lectures 2006
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"Floating ...paths" Ioanna Chartogianni

In this thesis work, it existed the need to describe the relation between human and water and the reasons that led to the growth of this relation. Thus, studying settlements that were structured in the water, we were led to a course of research that begins from the pile-dwelling structures of Prohistoric period, describes more modern structures in stakes and finally focuses in those that float in the aquatic surface, the floating constructions. The study of these structures was not limited only in the morphological approach of architectural floating constructions, but advanced also in the study of their constructional structure, that is related with the construction of mobile navigable manufactures, that is to say, boats. Thus, we begin with the description of floating docks, which constitute the simplest form of floating constructions and the constructional base for the growth of more complex forms. Then we study the floating bridges that serve the movement of cars and also floating footbridges which play important role not only in the connection, but also in the cultural, social and economic upgrade of regions. Then we go on in to individual examples of floating compositions in which the water plays leading role in the synthetic idea of the construction. Basic part of this sector is also the study of floating residences. Finally, it has developed a part that concerns more the future development of the floating constructions in the architecture, as an important solution for the problem of overpopulation. Artificial islands, floating cities and airports, escape henceforth from the impression of the fantastic - utopian and they enter dynamically in the drawings of growth. ¶¶From the study is not absent the environmental reflection, as well as in this sector, the overexploitation can lead to offence of ecosystem. The planning, therefore, of floating compositions constitutes a meticulous and continuous search of the relation between the structure and the environment and respect of rules that this places.