Lectures 2006
Skip Navigation Links : Lectures 2006 : February : "Contemporary catholic churches" Elena Emmanouilidi - Polikseni Mastoraki

"Contemporary catholic churches" Elena Emmanouilidi - Polikseni Mastoraki

At the beginning of the 20th sentury functionalism,the use of technology and the most recent matterials were leading the ecclessiastic architecture in a new approach. Firstly slowly ,but later more drastically, from this kind of architecture, the historicism becomes more and more powerless, and the design turns to be more rational. An important feature here is Wagner.

Other important features are Perret ,wich creates the first non industrial building made from concrete ,lets say the first modern church, the Notre Dame du Raincy Church. Then Otto Bartwing experimented a lot with steel that came to be one of the most popular matterials for churches from then on. Dominicus Bohm designed the first circular church ( St. Eygene-1930),using the latest world of technology and matterials. Le Corbusier with the Notre Dame du Haut Church in Ronchamp,created one of the greates buildings of the 20th century .Its basic characteristic was that of  the symbolism. Giovanni Michelucci leads architecture in a more organic field and his Church os San Giovanni near the city of Florens is a great example (1960-3). In  U.S.A ,Frank Lloyd Wright is the one that created what is now  widelly known as modern ecclesiastical architecture. Other important features in the same field were Mies Van der Rohe ,Marcel Breuer and Richard Neutra.Then in the South of America Luis Barragan and Oscar Niemeyer, in Asia Kenzo Tange and Tadao Ando,and finally  Richard Meier ,Alvaro Siza, Rafael Moneo, Steven Hall and Mario Botta.

Concluding, the ecclesiastical church consists an  important  architectural field that concerned- and still does- many important architects worlwide,driving architecture to a new approach for what we call relligion.