Lectures 2006
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"Water and landscapes" Kogia Chryssoula

Willing to explain the expedience of our survey, we define the landscape as the transformation of the extended natural landscape ant its elements to an object of our cultural observation, cultural expression and cultural process. By this meaning the organisation of the landscape by young west societies is referred as the transformation of the natural elements to objects controlled by our civilisation.

Water, as from its nature appears as liquid, therefore unstable and indefinable, seems from the beginning to escape from our control, much more than stable land. On the other hand, the story of civilisations converts this element to an object of productive cultural organisation and to a basic aspect of our cultural landscape. In this way, water is examined as a model of the way in which the civilisation acts on natural elements in order to control them and make them parts of a culturally organised landscape.

Thereby we can speak about water examining the way in which it is placed as a part of the architectural composition, by producing fountains, springs, water reservoirs that take part at the organisation of the architectural synthesis. We can also explore it as a part of a landscape that encounters our architectural action, as an element that in the ay that gets closer to the civilisation “embraces” their character and defines it. Whether water becomes a part of architectural composition or constitutes a basic part of the environment that defines it, in any circumstance ends up being involved with it.

The general intention of this subject is to show the way in which our civilisation tries to organise and control even the most uncontrollable elements of nature, in order to subsume them in the cultural planning whether it is about production, or about introducing the landscape to cultural thinking.

Our most specialised aim is to trace and introduce some of the ways that could become useful in a long run approach to design, as at the example of the park Andre Citroen that is based upon the classical design of French Baroque Gardens.