Κατοικία και πόλη - Housing and the City
4/21/2021

The right to housing - Key Terms

Adequate housing - housing that conforms to basic standards with regard to security of tenure, availability of services, materials, facilities, and infrastructure, affordability, habitability, accessibility, location, and cultural adequacy.

Affordable housing - housing for which the associated financial costs are at a level that does not threaten other basic needs and represents a reasonable proportion of an individual’s overall income
 
Forced eviction - the permanent or temporary removal against their will of individuals, families and/or communities from the homes and/or land which they occupy, without the provision of, and access to, appropriate forms of legal or other protection
 
Homeless - a description of a person or family lacking a fixed, regular, and adequate nightly residence or a person or family whose primary nightly residence is a shelter designed to provide temporary living accommodation
 
Household - a person or groups of persons occupying a single dwelling
 
Housing discrimination - acts or policies that do not provide for or inhibit equal access to housing. Not selling or renting to a person or not lending financial support to purchase housing on the basis of race, render, nationality, religion, sexual orientation, disability, etc. are forms of housing discrimination.
 
Human settlement - the entirety of a human community, whether city, town or village, and the social, material, organizational, spiritual and cultural elements that sustain it. The fabric of a human settlement consists of physical elements and services to which these elements provide the material support.
 
Migrant worker - someone who undertakes work for pay in a state where he or she is not a national. Documented migrant workers are entitled to the same rights as the nationals of the state in which they are working with regard to housing.
 
Public housing/social housing - housing financed, constructed, or allocated by the state, usually for persons with low income. Sometimes known as affordable housing, public housing is generally kept at affordable rent levels or financed with low-interest loans or credit.
 
Squatter - a person residing in a dwelling or on land without legally owning it. For example, persons who live in unused or abandoned buildings are squatters.
 
Tenant - a person possessing the right to occupy land or housing but who does not own it. Generally, a tenant rents the land or housing from its owner.